Common Skin Problems

Acne is a condition affecting the skin’s oil glands. It is usually caused by the clogging of a follicle on your skin, thereby resulting in pimple growth. It is the most common skin disease; an estimated 80 percent of all people have acne at some point. Early treatment is the best way to prevent scars. Your doctor may suggest over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription drugs.

Eczema is a long-term skin disease commonly associated with dry and itchy skin, rashes on the face, inside the elbows, behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. Currently, there is no single test to diagnose eczema, so doctors rely on information about you and your family. This disease is also known as atopic dermatitis.

Hives are red and sometimes itchy bumps on your skin that are usually caused by an allergic reaction to a drug or food. People who have other allergies are more likely to get hives. Other causes include infections and stress. This common disease usually gets better on its own. Please seek medical help if hives do not resolve.

Psoriasis causes scaling and swelling that can itch or feel sore. They are often found on the elbows, knees, legs, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of the feet, among other areas. Psoriasis can be hard to diagnose because it can look like other skin diseases, which is why your doctor might need to look at a small skin sample under a microscope for more accurate findings. Treatment of this disease depends on its type, how big it is, how serious it is, and how a patient would react to certain treatments.

Rosacea is the frequent redness (flushing) of the face. It is also associated with small red lines under the skin, inflamed eyes/eyelids, swollen nose, and thicker skin. Your physician can usually diagnose rosacea with a thorough medical history and physical exam. There is no cure for rosacea, but it can be treated and controlled.

Wrinkles are a common sign of aging skin, most commonly caused by sun exposure. Cigarette smoking is another common cause for wrinkles. Many products claim to revitalise aging skin or reduce wrinkles, but the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved only a few for sundamaged or aging skin. Various treatments soothe dry skin and reduce the appearance of age spots.

Source: Lindberg DAB, Humphreys BL, King DW, Cravedi K, Siegel E, Miller N, et al. Skin Health & Skin Diseases. NIH Medline Plus. 2008; 3(4): 23-26. Available from: